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Yi Minority - Dali Travel
Yi Minority - Dali Travel
Description of Bai Minority - Dali Travel
 
Yi minority is widely distributed in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou and Guangxi. The Yi minority has up to 6 different dialects. They create their own written words; there are around 1000 characters in common uses among the Yi minority. Yi minority is engaged in agriculture and animals husbandry, they are also good at arts and crafts including lacquer painting, embroidery, silverworks, carving etc.
 
Description of Yunnan Yi Minority - Dali Travel Clothing:
Yi minority has many different branches; everywhere has their specific clothing features. Yi women in general wear embroidered clothes, matched with black head cloth, earrings and some silverworks. Except the Yi from Liangshan Mountain area, most of the others wear long pants instead of skirts. In Yunnan, single girls can be defined from their colorful, cockscomb-shaped hat bordered with large amount of silver ornaments. During the past, the Yis who lived in the mountain area, no matter boys and girls, they all used to wear the knee-length sheepskin cape. Yi girls who are below 15 have to comb their hair as one single braid. After girls are over 15, they hold a ceremony to announce themselves officially to be an adult. One of the customs is to change their single braid into two, wear the colorful embroidered head cloth and twinkling silver eardrops.
Almost all of the Yi women are proficient in embroidery. They learn all kinds of embroidery, cross-stitch and applique skills from mothers since their childhood. Seniors of Yi minority usually pay great attentions on the girls’ embroidery craftsmanship. As long as the girl didn’t make a good job of the embroidery, no matter how pretty she is, it’s still difficult for her to find husband. That’s probably one of the reasons why their clothing is embroidered with various patterns and each of those is almost like a piece of exquisite art.
Description of Yunnan Yi Minority - Dali Travel Festivals:
There are many different traditional festivals happened in Yi minority. Some of the main festivals include “Year of the tenth month”, Torch festival and some other regional festivals and activities for sacrifice to Gods and ancestors. “Year of the tenth month” hold at the most auspicious day within the first ten-day period of every tenth lunar month. It last around 5-6 days and followed the customs the Yi minority people have to offer pigs, lambs, or cattle for sacrifices. At that moment, Yi people dress up their best costumes for the party, visit and present some gifts to their relatives and friends.
 
The Torch festival is the most ceremonious festival for the Yi minority people. It happened on the 24th to 25th in every sixth lunar month. People gather together to worship gods and ancestors by sacrifice cattle or lambs. During the feast, they all bless to have the best harvest in the future. The Torch festival last for 3 days, on the first day all the family members gather for the celebration, while the last 2 days they join the public activities include wrestling, horse-racing, bull-fighting, dragon-boat racing and tug of war etc. then conclude with the grand bonfire evening party.
 
To sacrificial the Dragon is another important event for the Yi minority. Yi people choose the one of the “Dragon day” in every second to forth lunar month to do the celebration. Villagers gather and bring their own rice and salt then sit down under the dragon tree to make a collective worship. In Yunnan, the Yi minority in general choose the first “Dragon day” in the first lunar month to be the ceremony. After the celebration, everybody sit on the floor and share their food to conclude the ceremony.
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